Serum is now a buzzword and a popular product in cosmetology and facial care, in a trend so to speak. It combines hyaluronic acid and a complex of other useful components to retain skin moisture and help fight aging changes like fine lines and wrinkles. However, the success of any facial care is not just in the products we use but the way we use them. Thus, to make your care effective, you should understand the peculiarities of various cosmetics products, the way they interact, and what problems solve. We will dedicate this article to hyaluronic acid facial serum – a source of moisture and radiance for your skin.
Hyaluronic acid became of the basic ingredients of cosmetology and home skincare. There is no wonder as this component comprises the matrix of the skin and is present in many other tissues of the human organism. Lack of hyaluronic acid in the derma leads to dehydration, dryness, loss of elasticity and firmness.
The main function of hyaluronic acid is hydration and forming of water reservoirs as hyaluronic acid molecules are able to attract and bind to water molecules 1000 times bigger than them. With age, our tissues lose a great percentage of hyaluronic acid (also known as hyaluronate), and for this reason, we notice the first signs of aging – fine lines, wrinkles, weak turgor, dull complexion.
Since hyaluronic acid was firstly discovered in 1934, the beauty industry began to highly appreciate its properties to retain moisture and made it the main skin care ingredient of home and clinic usage. Now, you can find cleansers, toners, serums, creams, emulsions, facial masks, and dermal injectables with hyaluronic acid as their active ingredient.
A proper skincare routine is based on several stages:
Note: Not all of these stages are compulsory. It depends on your skin type, the problem you want to solve, and the time of the day (morning or evening). That is why it is recommended to choose care cosmetics together with a cosmetology or dermatology doctor for the best complex skincare approach and the most beautiful result.
Cleansers, essences, masks, serums and creams are products that very frequently may include in their composition hyaluronic acid, and very often clients may ask a question whether it makes sense to incorporate all these products into their routine if all or some of them are based on the same ingredient – hyaluronic acid?
The thing is that there are 2 types of hyaluronic acid – with low-molecular and high-molecular-weight. Thus, for example, facial serums include low-molecular hyaluronate that penetrates into deeper layers of the skin, hydrating it from inside. It is a perfect solution for exhausted, dehydrated, and dull skin.
High-molecular hyaluronic acid that is mainly used in creams does not penetrate so deep into the skin matrix and remains closer to the skin’s surface, helping to form the protective layer, preventing the extra evaporation of moisture when exposed to the sun or outside cold.
So, using a few products with hyaluronic acid provides a complex anti-aging and hydrating effect, but it is indicated far not for all types of skin. Consult with your skin doctor before incorporating this or that skincare product into your daily routine!
Of course, one of the main benefits of hyaluronic acid is hydration. However, it is also responsible for the density and elasticity of the skin. It takes part in the process of collagen synthesis and protects the cells from free radicals. Natural levels of hyaluronic acid in the tissues are quite low (approximately 15 mg for a person with a bodyweight of 70kg), and its life is extremely short (around 30 to 50% of total hyaluronic acid in the organism are destroyed every 24 hours).
Moreover, the speed of its production in the body decreases and minimizes till the age of 40. But the main enemy of hyaluronic acid is not age but many external factors, especially the sun rays that destroy the molecules of this substance. Here are the main signs that your skin needs extra moisture and care:
If you have any of these indications, you can ask your cosmetologist about starting to use a hyaluronic acid serum in your daily skin care routine on a regular basis.
Unfortunately, we can divide people into 2 categories: those who overdo skin care at an early age and those who do not do anything until the aging process is too evident and active. In fact, our mid 20ies is a perfect time to start thinking about regular but wise skin care without extra effort. And cosmetics with hyaluronic acid are one the best products, to begin with. Of course, everything is individual and depends on the skin type and dermal problems, but every skin needs hydration.
Thus if you have dry skin, you can combine hyaluronic acid serums and creams together for intensive and profound hydration in the morning and evening as your skin is inclined to an early skin aging and appearance of fine lines sooner than other types. The owners of oily or combined skin types can choose just one product and use it once a day for a youthful glow of the face.
The skin at this tender age is more topical than ever as even oily and combined skin needs extra care and hydration. Serum with hyaluronic acid can become a life-saver for the skin that is at the active stage of aging. However, unlike the young skin, it is more advisable to pay attention to special anti-aging serums that except for hyaluronic acid incorporate in their composition a rich complex of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and proteins essential to smooth wrinkles and return the skin to its even relief, healthy radiance, and even complexion.
In the case of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid, it is important where and at what point you apply it. Large molecules remain on the surface of the epidermis and attract water from the environment. If the air in the room is dry, then hyaluronic acid will begin to draw moisture from the skin, creating a feeling of tightness.
In Asia, where it is warm and humid, such problems do not arise. Therefore hyaluronic serums are very popular there. In the USA and Canada, however, a humid environment for hyaluronic acid has to be created, especially in the cold and hot seasons. But it is not necessary to go to the bathhouse or hammam for this.
Unlike other serums that require the subsequent application of the cream, hyaluronic ones can be used on their own. The exception is mono-serums containing only high molecular weight hyaluronic acid, which must be “sealed” with a cream to prevent moisture evaporation.
Serums based on hyaluronic acid love moisture because they “feed” on it and do not like the sun’s radiation, which destroys them. Consider these features to get the most out of your product.
Yes, you can apply the serum with hyaluronic acid to the area under the eyes. However, you should be very careful when doing this and make sure the serum does not get inside the eye.
There are no strict age restrictions on when you should or should not start using a hydrating serum with hyaluronic acid. However, the mid-20-ies are perhaps the perfect time to incorporate more products with hyaluronate as the processes of its natural production slow down, and in order to maintain a youthful appearance, it needs external supplies of this ingredient.
The choice of products also depends on the skin type. That is why it is important to find a professional and experienced skincare doctor who will help to determine the type of your skin and select suitable cosmetics. Remember that sometimes inappropriate skincare routine may be even worse than no care at all.
Many people mistakenly regard that combination, and moreover, oily skin does not need hydration and moisturizing as it already produces lots of sebum. They start additionally drying it out with cosmetics containing clay, tea tree oil, and other similar components, forgetting about creams and not to mention hydrating serum.
And this is a huge mistake. The thing is that combined and oily skin type, when exhausted by constant drying, starts to produce even more sebum, and the situation worsens. These skin types need hydration as any other type, and you can definitely use hyaluronic acid in your skin care routine.
Note: Oily and combined skin type needs hydration as any other type, and constant drying using tea tree oil, clay, and alike ingredients leads to even more active sebum production!!!!
If you are an owner of an oily or combined skin type, you should pay more attention to cleansing, but not avoid or reduce hydration. Your skin is under an impact of natural aging and external factors that destroy hyaluronic acid contributing to the appearance of wrinkles, so you need to replenish the lack with properly selected care cosmetics.
Serum with hyaluronic acid can be applied once or twice a day in the evening or morning. Dry skin needs more help to retain skin moisture. That is why you will have to use the hydrating serum twice a day in combination with facial cream.
For oily and combined skin type, it is enough to use such intense hydrating products just once a day, preferably before sleep when your skin will rest from makeup and have time for rejuvenation.
If you are an owner of acne-prone skin, it is very likely your cosmetologist will not recommend you use cosmetics with hyaluronic acid.
Actually, hyaluronic acid is a substance that is naturally present in dermal issues. That is why there are no contraindications to using skincare products with this ingredient. However, hyper-sensitive skin may react negatively to some products, depending on the concentration of hyaluronic acid in the product.
To avoid unwanted allergic reactions, select your skin care cosmetics together with certified cosmetologists and always try a new product on your arm or behind the ear, applying a small amount of product to the skin and checking later whether there were any redness, itching, or other reactions at the site of application.
Many of you already know that it is not recommended to use products containing acids, including cosmetology procedures such as peelings during the hot months. It is explained by the increased activity of the sun and UV-light and decreased skin barrier, weakened by the action of acids.
However, hyaluronic acid products are an exception. This kind of acid has a completely divergent principle of action. It does not provoke peeling of the top layer of the skin and regeneration of the dermal cells but penetrates deeper into the skin layers, strengthening and filling the dermal matrix, attracting water molecules, and helping the skin to resist the negative impact of the sun. So, during summer, creams and serums with hyaluronic acid are must-have products for healthy, beautiful, and hydrated skin.