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Effects of Anesthetics on Your Brain and Body

Effects of Anesthetics on Your Brain and Body

Effects of Anesthetics on Your Brain and Body

Anesthesia medications are now something that is commonly used both in aesthetic and regular medicine. With their help, it is possible to provide a painless, comfortable procedure to any type of patient, thus make the customer experience much better.

However, a lot of people do not really understand the working principle of anesthesia and often do not want to bother their medical provider with questions; because of this reason, sometimes troubles and misunderstandings of the whole treatment process may appear. That is exactly why we decided to write this article – in order to educate people on the topic of anesthetics and how they work. Keep reading and learn more with the EuroMex team!

Types of anesthetic drugs

Depending on the purposes, type of procedure, and pain tolerance of a patient, a specially trained doctor should define the type of anesthesia and the drug, its intensity, and other important factors. Let’s have a closer look at the main kinds of pain relievers people may choose from; with a doctor’s assistance, of course:

  • Pain killers (analgesics). This type is meant for pretty fast pain relief in people. It includes a few types – acetaminophen (in the form of a pill or injection), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) (in the form of intravenous or as an intramuscular injection), narcotics (oral, transdermal, or intravenous), and those are typically used after surgeries to remove discomfort. Most of them require assistance from a nurse anesthetist;
  • Anxiolytics (sedatives). These are used for body relaxation and decreasing the level of anxiety in a person. If used in a little bit higher doses, it can help to fall asleep to patients with insomnia. This type of medicines are commonly used before going to the operation room to calm down and relax a patient;
  • Local anesthetic. This kind of anesthesia is meant for paralyzing nerve signals, as well as pain signals, and relieves pain in a certain area that hurts or is about to be treated (so, has to be numb). Mainly, doctors inject it into or near the chosen area, or use a special numbing cream on it, so patients do not feel pain;
  • General anesthetics. This one can only be used by the anesthesia care team professionals in order to cause the state of unconsciousness to conduct various types of difficult procedures (e.g., a surgery). It can be administered into the vein or inhaled as a gas. Also, during the actual operation, a patient can breathe by themselves or with the help of a tube placed into their throat (with its use, it is easy to make sure whether they get enough oxygen).

Before deciding which type is better for a person, a physician anesthesiologist needs to look through their medical history, learn more about different factors (e.g., rules of anesthesia application for adults and elderly patients are entirely different), calculate a proper to stop feeling pain, etc. And only after that, the decision can be made.

Side effects of anesthetics on brain, body, and other aspects

Depending on the anesthetic drug and method that was chosen for a person, side effects in people may vary. Typically, during the actual procedure, a medical professional controls all important indicators in a patient with the help of special machines; it includes blood pressure, brain activity, breathing, etc.

As followed, common side effects after patients slowly wake up are inevitable. And, depending on the type of muscle relaxants, side effects of anesthesia may vary.

  • General anesthesia. After this one, people can suffer from nausea and vomiting, sore throat (that’s because tubes that help to breathe are often used during surgery), confusion, muscle pains, hypothermia (uncontrollable shivering);
  • Intravenous sedation. For this type, such symptoms as headaches and migraines, slight back pain, troubles in urinating, and hematomas are typical. Sometimes, nerve damages and pneumothorax are also possible, and those require immediate help from a medical professional;
  • Local anesthesia. After this type of pain relief, skin reactions like itching, redness, slight allergies, swelling, and increased sensitivity in the areas of insertion are possible. Those are not dangerous and do not cause any complications afterward. Usually, they are gone in about a week.

Please, do not forget that it is important to give nerve cells some time to “wake up” and start working properly again. Some time will be needed to get back to normal again, so the main thing is to give yourself some time to have a rest and relax a bit.

How long does it take for your body to recover from modern anesthetics?

As it was already mentioned, to wake up all brain regions after the anesthesia and get back to normal functioning again, some time is needed. However, different types of people require a different amount of time to start living a full life again. Regulating sleep also may need some additional time. Commonly, it should take from a few hours to a few days, depending on how complicated surgery was, as well as how sensitive a person is (if they have weak health, additional time to start “functioning” properly may be needed).

Doctors recommend drinking a lot of water and take herbal supplements to improve blood flow and help a person to recover very fast and without any complications. Treatment options may vary depending on the person’s age, health condition, and other factors.

Overall, after a patient just woke up, they may feel groggy, weak, sleepy, and a little bit lost. Irregular breathing, temperature changes, and headaches are also possible. The main thing here is to give yourself enough time to rest, avoid exercises and intense training, leave all the important decisions at later times, and have a proper post-surgical diet recommended by a medical professional (it can be challenging for a stomach to digest food properly after a difficult operation). A few simple pieces of advice, but you will understand how beneficial they are if you try. Taking care of yourself is very important, remember that!

The bottom line

As you can see, all types of anesthesia have their own consequences and side effects, so it is better to be well-educated on this topic to avoid unpleasant situations in the future. In this way, you will not only know what to expect but also lower the level of nervousness because there would be no fear of the unknown. Hopefully, we helped you to learn more and understand everything better. Stay safe!

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